We are not makers OF history...
We are made BY history.
-Martin Luther King Jr.
A chronology of injustice from the 1960's to today covering landmark national legal cases, incidents of police violence, and national trends of discrimination against marginalized people that deeply effect the greater Cleveland area.
Quick reference vertical timeline:
July 18, 1966- The Hough Rebellion in Cleveland (also referred to as The Hough Riots).
November 7, 1967- The first Black Mayor of any major city in the U.S.
January 3, 1969- First Black Congressman Elected in Ohio.
January 4, 2008- 26-year old black mom of 6 shot and killed by police in her own home.
August 4, 2008- Officer is Aquitted.
May 16, 2010- 7-year old black girl shot in the head by police officer while sleeping on the couch with grandmother.
January 1, 2011- Police Chase with Edward Henderson.
February 11, 2011- Tarika Wilson Settlement.
June 5, 2011- Crushaun "CeCe" McDonald is Arrested.
February 26, 2012- 17-year old Black boy killed by Florida resident after altercation.
March 13, 2012- News of Trayvon's Death Spreads Through Media.
March 17, 2012- Trayvon Trends.
March 19, 2012- Trayvon's Investigation Begins.
March 21, 2012- Million Hoodie March.
March 22, 2012- Change.org Petition Reaches 2 Million Signatures.
March 26, 2012- Trayvon Martin's Family Brings Petition to Authorities.
April 11, 2012- Zimmerman is Charged.
May 11, 2012- Molly Flaherty is Charged with Second-Degree Assault.
November 29, 2012- Cleveland car chase results in death of Black man and women after being shot at 137 times by police.
March 13, 2013- Investigation of Police Department Practices Begin.
June 10, 2013- Zimmerman's Trial Begins.
July 10, 2013- Edward Henerson Settlement.
July 13, 2013- Zimmerman is Acquitted.
July 13, 2013- Black Lives Matter Movement Begin.
December 6, 2013- 22-year old black transgender woman is found shot in her vehicle.
May 30, 2014- Six Officers are Indicted.
June 5, 2014- Deshawn D. Carroll is Arrested and Charged.
July 17, 2014- 43-year old Black man killed after being put in illegal chokehold by police.
July 23, 2014- Eric Garner's Funeral.
August 1, 2014- Garner's Death Ruled Homicide.
August 5, 2014- 22- year old Black male shot and killed by Beavercreek police officer.
August 9, 2014- 18-year old unarmed Black male shot by police 18 times in Ferguson, MO.
August 10, 2014- Protests for Michael Brown Begin.
August 12, 2014- Obama Ensures a Michael Brown Investigation.
August 18, 2014- National Guard goes into Ferguson.
August 19, 2014- Eric Garner's Case Goes to Grand Jury.
August 20, 2014- Investigation for Michael Brown Begins.
August 2014- Black Lives Matter Grows in Popularity.
August 23, 2014- Protest Outbreaks for Garner and Brown.
August 25, 2014- Michael Brown's Funeral.
August 30, 2014- Freedom Ride to Ferguson.
September 4, 2014- Investigation of Ferguson Police Begins.
September 22, 2014- John Crawford Investigation Begins.
September 24, 2014- Indictment is declined.
September 29, 2014- Grand Jury begins hearing evidence in Eric Garner case.
October 7, 2014- Open Carry Protest Held at Walmart Where John Crawford Was Killed For Holding a Toy Gun.
October 10, 2014- Second mistrial in Detroit cop's fatal shooting of 7 year old black girl.
November 2014- #BLACKLIVESMATTER trends on Twitter.
November 13, 2014- 37-year-old black woman killed by Cleveland Police.
November 17, 2014- 137 shots settlement.
November 22, 2014- 12-year-old black boy is shot and killed by Cleveland Police.
November 24, 2014- No Indicement in Michael Brown Case.
November 25, 2014- Protests in Public Square Park, Cleveland.
November 25, 2014- Protests Expand.
December 3, 2014- No Indictment in Eric Garner Case.
December 4, 2014- Department of Justice Release.
December 28, 2014- 17-year old White Transgender Girl Commits Suicide.
January 17, 2015- 30-year old black transgender woman shot in Norfolk, VA.
January 26, 2015- 24-year-old black transgender woman shot in North Tyler, TX.
January 30, 2015- Charges Dismissed Against Joseph Weekley, Cop Who Fatally Shot Sleeping black 7-Year-Old.
January 31, 2015- 33-year old black transgender woman stabbed to death in Los Angeles, CA.
February 1, 2015- 36-year old transgender latina woman stabbed in San Francisco, CA.
February 10, 2015- 21-year old black transgender woman shot in New Orleans.
February 13, 2015- 22-year-old white transgender woman, stabbed in Akron, OH by her father.
February 24, 2015- DOJ announces no federal charges against George Zimmerman.
March 1, 2015- 43-year old unarmed homeless black man shot by LAPD.
March 4, 2015- DOJ releases report on the Ferguson police department. Announced
that Darren Wilson will not face Civil Rights charges in Michael Brown’s death.
March 10, 2015- 27-year old unarmed black airforce veteran shot and killed by police in Chamblee, Georgia.
April 4, 2015- 50-year old black man killed by police following a daytime traffic stop for non-functioning break light in North Charleston, SC.
April 6, 2015- Trial begins for Michael Brelo, cop charged with 2 counts of voluntary
April 19, 2015- 25-year-old black man, dies from spinal injuries a week after being arrested for possessing what the police alleged was an illegal switchblade.
April 28, 2015- Protests erupt in Baltimore after Freddie Gray’s death.
May 1, 2015- Charges filed against 6 officers involved in Freddie Gray’s death.
May 18, 2015- 21-year old black transgender woman stabbed to death in Philadelphia.
May 21, 2015- A grand jury indicted the officers of Freddie Gray’s death on most of the original charges filed by Mosby with the exception of the charges of illegal imprisonment and false arrest, and added charges of reckless endangerment to all the officers involved.
May 23, 2015- Officer Michael Brelo found not guilty for the death of Russell and Williams.
May 23, 2015- About 200 people gathered at Impett Park in Cleveland for a peaceful protest in support of Tamir Rice.
May 26, 2015- A federal judge has approved a consent decree entered into by the city of Cleveland and the U.S. Justice Department.
June 25, 2015- Tamir’s first birthday since his death.
July 10, 2015- 28-year old black woman was pulled over and arrested in Waller County for failing to signal a lane change.
July 13, 2015- Sandra Bland found dead in her cell about an hour after she’d last spoken with officers about making a phone call.
July 16, 2015- Bland’s family and friends question the circumstances around Bland’s death.
July 21, 2015- Dashcam video of Bland's arrest was released to the public.
November 21, 2015- A Year Without Tamir protest begins in Cleveland, OH.
December 1, 2015- Cleveland police officers Timothy Loehmann and Frank Garmback appear before the grand jury and read their sworn statements.
December 14, 2015- Lawyers for the family of Tamir Rice asked the U.S. Justice Department to launch an independent investigation into the boy's 2014 killing by a Cleveland police officer.
December 28, 2015- Grand jury will not indict police officers in the deadly shooting of Tamir Rice.
December 28, 2015- The U.S. Department of Justice will continue its independent review of the shooting of 12-year-old Tamir Rice.
January 1, 2016- Protesters upset over a grand jury's decision not to indict two officers in Tamir Rice's death stage a “die in and lie down” on the ground near the home of Cuyahoga County Prosecutor Tim McGinty in Cleveland.
February 8, 2016- 17-year old unarmed black male is shot and killed by police in Austin, TX.
March 3, 2016- Trooper who arrested Sandra Bland formally fired.
March 15, 2016- McGinty loses primary against Democratic challenger Mike O'Malley.
April 26, 2016- The city of Cleveland will pay $6 million to settle the federal lawsuit filed by the family of Tamir Rice. Cleveland admits to no wrongdoing.
May 1, 2016- 32-year old black transgender woman is stabbed to death in her bedroom.
May 5, 2016- A 16-year-old boy is arrested and faces second-degree murder charges for stabbing Reese Walker to death.
May 15, 2016- 32-year old black transgender woman found dead in a parking lot after being shot.
June 25, 2016- Tamir’s second birthday since his death.
July 5, 2016- 37-year old black man dies after being shot a total number of 6 times by police.
July 6, 2016- A black Minnesota man was shot at point-blank range during a traffic stop Wednesday night as he followed an officer’s command to take out his driver’s license.
July 6, 2016- State officials say that the Alton Sterling investigation would be handed over to the FBI and the U.S. Department of Justice.
July 7, 2016- More than one thousand people gather early in the evening at J.J. Hill Montessori School in remembrance of Castile, and scores of people head back toward the governor's mansion to protest.
July 11, 2016- President Obama places a telephone call to the Sterling and Castile families to offer his and the First Lady's condolences on behalf of the American people for the death of their loved ones.
July 13, 2016- More than three dozen Philando Castile protesters block traffic on southbound Interstate 35W near downtown Minneapolis during the morning rush. Forty-one are arrested..
August 17, 2016- DOJ criticizes Baltimore police treatment of trans people.
August 26, 2016- Arizona teenagers forced to remove their Black Lives Matter T-shirts in school.
September 13, 2016- Gazebo where Tamir Rice was fatally shot in Cleveland will be taken to Chicago museum.
October 26, 2016- Justice Department seeking to charge officer that killed Eric Garner.
November 16, 2016- Officer Who Shot Philando Castile Charged With Manslaughter.